AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitter Bank Australia also said it had discussed the new measure with the Australian Banking Association, and that several other members of the organisation were likely to take similar steps in limiting gambling on credit cards. Before the consultation ended, National Australia Bank became the first bank in the country to offer its customers the option to block gambling transactions via its mobile application. 12th October 2020 | By Robert Fletcher Customers will still be able to fund gambling using their Bank Australia debit card. Topics: Finance Legal & compliance Tech & innovation Compliance Legal Payments Subscribe to the iGaming newsletter The consultation, which also looked at how banks could help better protect players, ran until 4 March. Payments Regions: Oceania Australia “Under our Responsible Banking Policy, we don’t lend money to the gambling industry including casinos, online gambling operators or businesses that derive revenue directly from poker machines or sports betting,” Bank Australia said. In December last year, the Australian Banking Association invited stakeholders to give feedback on potential restrictions on the use of credit cards to fund online gambling. “Not authorising gambling on credit cards is an extension of our existing lending policy.” Bank Australia to halt gambling with credit cards “Our research shows the majority of our customers believe credit cards should not be used for gambling, and as a customer-owned bank, our customers’ opinions are a big part of our decision making,” Bank Australia said. Consumer-owned banking group, Bank Australia, has announced that it will no longer allow its account holders to use its credit cards to fund gambling. Tags: Bank Australia The new measure will come into effect from 1 December this year, with the bank to block any attempted transactions related to gambling from this date. Retail banking customers with a NAB Visa Credit or NAB Visa Debit card can restrict most gambling payments, including sports betting, casino games and online gambling. Email Address
I’m sure you’ll agree that’s quite the statement from Motley Fool Co-Founder Tom Gardner.But since our US analyst team first recommended shares in this unique tech stock back in 2016, the value has soared.What’s more, we firmly believe there’s still plenty of upside in its future. In fact, even throughout the current coronavirus crisis, its performance has been beating Wall St expectations.And right now, we’re giving you a chance to discover exactly what has got our analysts all fired up about this niche industry phenomenon, in our FREE special report, A Top US Share From The Motley Fool. Peter Stephens | Monday, 2nd November, 2020 “This Stock Could Be Like Buying Amazon in 1997” Image source: The Motley Fool Buying cheap UK shares today to make a million may sound like an unlikely idea to many investors. After all, the stock market crash took place only a matter of months ago and the prospects for the economy continue to be very uncertain.However, today’s undervalued stocks could deliver impressive returns in the long run. As such following billionaire investor Warren Buffett’s lead and buying them could be a sound move for an investor aged 40, or who has a long time horizon.5G is here – and shares of this ‘sleeping giant’ could be a great way for you to potentially profit!According to one leading industry firm, the 5G boom could create a global industry worth US$12.3 TRILLION out of thin air…And if you click here we’ll show you something that could be key to unlocking 5G’s full potential…Identifying the best cheap UK sharesOf course, not all cheap UK shares will deliver long-term capital appreciation. Some companies may struggle to survive what could prove to be a continued tough economic outlook as lockdown measures negatively impact on a wide range of industries.As such, following Buffett’s lead and buying high-quality companies could be a sound move. For example, they may have competitive advantages that enable them to deliver stronger profit performances than their peers. Or they could have stronger financial positions that mean they are more likely to capitalise on an economic recovery.Through buying cheap UK shares in companies that have recovery potential, an investor could generate surprisingly high returns in the long run. Such a strategy has been successful for value investors such as Buffett in previous years.He has significantly outperformed the stock market over a consistent time period. With the stock market crash causing a number of attractive businesses to trade at low prices, now could be the right time to follow a similar plan.Investing for retirement with a long time horizonOf course, buying cheap UK shares may not produce impressive returns in the short run. However, an investor with no retirement savings at age 40 is likely to have sufficient time to experience a strong market recovery.Even though the stock market has experienced numerous declines in its history, it has delivered an annualised total return of around 8%. Assuming that rate of growth on a £250 weekly investment over a 25-year time period would produce a portfolio valued at over £1m.As such, someone aged 40 with no retirement savings, or who has 25 years left until retirement, could realistically obtain a seven-figure retirement portfolio.Of course, not everyone has £250 per week to invest in cheap UK shares. However, the example shows that regularly investing money in FTSE 100 and FTSE 250 shares can lead to a surprisingly large nest egg over the long run.With the stock market crash having caused many high-quality businesses to trade at low prices, there may be opportunities to beat the wider market’s growth rate in the coming years.This could allow an investor to follow in Buffett’s footsteps and improve their financial situation in the long run. Renowned stock-picker Mark Rogers and his analyst team at The Motley Fool UK have named 6 shares that they believe UK investors should consider buying NOW.So if you’re looking for more stock ideas to try and best position your portfolio today, then it might be a good day for you. Because we’re offering a full 33% off your first year of membership to our flagship share-tipping service, backed by our ‘no quibbles’ 30-day subscription fee refund guarantee. Our 6 ‘Best Buys Now’ Shares Enter Your Email Address See all posts by Peter Stephens Simply click below to discover how you can take advantage of this. I would like to receive emails from you about product information and offers from The Fool and its business partners. Each of these emails will provide a link to unsubscribe from future emails. More information about how The Fool collects, stores, and handles personal data is available in its Privacy Statement. No savings at 40? I’d follow Warren Buffett’s tips and buy cheap UK shares to make a million Click here to claim your copy now — and we’ll tell you the name of this Top US Share… free of charge!
ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/365293/residence-in-kifissia-tense-architecture-network Clipboard CopyHouses•Municipality of Kifisia, Greece Residence in Kifissia / Tense Architecture Network Greece Residence in Kifissia / Tense Architecture NetworkSave this projectSaveResidence in Kifissia / Tense Architecture Network “COPY” ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/365293/residence-in-kifissia-tense-architecture-network Clipboard Houses Architects: Tense Architecture Network Photographs Save this picture!© Filippo Poli+ 16 Share Projects photographs: Filippo PoliPhotographs: Filippo PoliSave this picture!© Filippo PoliRecommended ProductsDoorsLonghiDoor – HeadlineDoorsC.R. LaurenceCRL-U.S. Aluminum Entice Series Entrance SystemDoorsLinvisibileLinvisibile Curved Hinged Door | AlbaDoorsRabel Aluminium SystemsMinimal Sliding Door – Rabel 62 Slim Super ThermalText description provided by the architects. The residence’s plot is small and an adjacent building almost blocks the southern sun. The main part of the field should remain free and become the residence itself: an austere prism, centrally supported, hovers above theliberated ground.At first, an area was defined: a cubic shell of plants creates a limit for the house. In order to reside, ones withdraws in. Three metallic columns support a net of inox ropes where plants have already started to climb in order to generate a volume equally important to the house’s prisms.Save this picture!© Filippo PoliWhen the plants are grown the green screen will be penetrated only by the black, central column of the concrete shelter. The basalt-watery surface on which it is based reflects the light in the interior. Exposed concrete is dark tinted where a greater depth, a sense of anchoring was necessary. Artificial light is cautiously managed in order to protect the night and the intimacy that dim light offers. Save this picture!© Filippo PoliThe shell remains intact towards the main façade. The public image of the residence will eventually recede behind the plants and the house will claim the whole field. The vigorously detached prism lets the sun enter and functions as a shelter: living space lies beneath. When the sliding panels retreat, the merging with the garden is complete.Save this picture!SectionThe space that the elevated prism creates is the main compositional gesture. The manner that this gesture is performed is crucial: it is the manner through which the hovering prism is supported by the central column. A calm tension is realized, a simple yet clear correlation of forces. The synergy between structural and architectural design gives a residence where the shell is not more important than its field. Those are juxta-posed: one to one.Project gallerySee allShow lessFAR ROC [For a Resilient Rockaway] CompetitionEventNovo Mesto Central Market Competition Entry / EnotaUnbuilt Project Share ArchDaily “COPY” CopyAbout this officeTense Architecture NetworkOfficeFollowProductConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesMunicipality of KifisiaHousesGreecePublished on April 26, 2013Cite: “Residence in Kifissia / Tense Architecture Network” 26 Apr 2013. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021.
ArchDaily ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/890129/elache-residence-elmor-arquitetura Clipboard “COPY” Area: 190 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project 2016 Elache Residence / Elmor ArquiteturaSave this projectSaveElache Residence / Elmor Arquitetura ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/890129/elache-residence-elmor-arquitetura Clipboard Brazil CopyAbout this officeElmor ArquiteturaOfficeFollowProductsWoodGlassConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesInterior DesignResidential InteriorsHouse InteriorsCuritibaBrazilPublished on March 08, 2018Cite: “Elache Residence / Elmor Arquitetura” [Residência Elache / Elmor Arquitetura] 08 Mar 2018. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021.
Serbia Architects: TEN Area Area of this architecture project Lead Architects: 2020 Avala House / TENSave this projectSaveAvala House / TEN Year: Nemanja Zimonjic, Ognjen Krasna, Jana Kulic, Miodrag Grbic Avala House / TEN “COPY” CopyHouses•Belgrade, Serbia Area: 156 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/954345/avala-house-ten Clipboard Projects City:BelgradeCountry:SerbiaMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Maxime DelvauxRecommended ProductsRenders / 3D AnimationEnscape3D Real-Time Rendering SoftwareWoodBlumer LehmannFree Form Structures for Wood ProjectsWindowsVEKAWindows – SOFTLINE 82 ADWindowsSky-FrameRetractable Insect Screen – Sky-Frame FlyText description provided by the architects. The Avala House is a residence situated in a pastural landscape on Avala mountain near Belgrade in Serbia. The house is a case study on how a design effort can turn sufficiency into a desirable form for living.Save this picture!© Maxime DelvauxSave this picture!SectionSave this picture!© Maxime DelvauxThe house is a single-story space built over an existing southward inclining orchard garden. It is organised by a 3.2 metre grid frame, measuring 16 by 16 metre square, with an interior cut out of 9.6 by 9.6 metres revealing the terrain below. The surrounding surface forms both the inhabited area of the house and delimits the building perimeter. The frame utilises 80 millimetre square steel tube profiles welded in place and fixed to the structural minimum of three foundation points on the terrain. These points define the arrival area on the ground plane, and the positioning of two large concrete forms –like boulders in the landscape – dedicated to both an outside garden staircase and a storage space with a garden bathroom.Save this picture!© Maxime DelvauxSave this picture!© Maxime DelvauxThe sloping terrain continues between and underneath the house, offering a shaded outdoor living space, and introduces the landscape, trees, and natural ground cover into the central space of the building. The main floor above sets a new datum within the topography of the existing slope overlooking the surrounding forest. The open structure embraces the immediate landscape while setting a new clear geometry and strong architectural outline.Save this picture!© Maxime DelvauxThe plan is developed on the outer grid as a sequence of four terraces interlocking at corners to offer a new horizon for dwelling. Each terrace holds a different surface material, providing possibilities for a variety of use. The boundaries of the steel frame are constantly challenged by these alterations in material (a hanging net, sheet steel, pre-cast concrete, the open frame) or through the performance of its movable elements.Save this picture!© Maxime DelvauxSave this picture!Floor planSave this picture!© Maxime DelvauxThese allow the house to undergo a total transformation of scale and atmosphere. The opaque wall facing the central interior space is made of 10 large pivoting steel doors, allowing the living area to shift from a singular indoor space of 50 square metres to embrace the 156 square metre volumes of the four outdoor terraces.Save this picture!© Maxime DelvauxThe large stretch of glass on the southern facade of the frame extends the living space to the rise of the distant hills. The customised sun shading closes this expanse, giving a singular interior space, discretely partitioned by a series of floor to ceiling full-length curtains defining the sleeping area from the kitchen, dining, sitting, and bathroom.Save this picture!© Maxime DelvauxSave this picture!© Maxime DelvauxIn its open state, the main living is one in the plan, dedicating the entire space to a single program if desired. The house inverts the priority of building a traditional protected shelter in nature, by allowing various scenarios of exposure to nature within the building. Every element of the house emphasises the performance of structure and space, providing either weight or lightness at specific points, expanse or contraction at others. This is exemplified in the visible joints of the main steel frame, the connections to the bearing points, the exposed bracing, and raw material finish. All details are revealed. There is a kind of directness that makes the house accessible to all.Save this picture!© Maxime DelvauxThe owner – a local craftsman working on interior refurbishments and domestic maintenance – invited TEN to design, develop, and build the house. Means to the production of the house were modest, and skill was local. The owner collaborated with a metal workshop close to the site.Save this picture!© Maxime DelvauxThe central premise of the project was to include the future owner in the process of making by specifying only available local material and construction knowledge, with design decisions on durable structures and surfaces to be repaired. This challenged the norm of architecture being a complete conceptual product, delivered to the site via the client, but instead opened the process as a genuine conversation on the process of construction, the future use, and practical and necessary maintenance. The conversation identified material resources, workshop skills, and capacities within the range of the immediate region. It also brought about novel solutions like the in-situ casting of the exposed concrete foundations with recycled steel sheets. The accuracy of the formwork was determined by interior joiners, the casting with a self-compacting concrete mixture developed in dialogue with local subsidiaries and contractors.Save this picture!© Maxime DelvauxThis not only contributed to the local economy but through experimentation in the procedure of construction, offering new applications for local construction skills. Left exposed, this reveals the proof of labour and skill in the forces driving construction, while the formal expression demonstrates the human factor in the production of dwelling This extends the dialogue originating from the pioneers of Yugoslavian Modernism – a movement instrumental in the transformation of society through the local adaptation of progressive technologies and self-determination in design and construction. In the same way, the making of Avala House in the form of the ideal contemporary home uses everyday materials, formed personally by the skills of local makers to create a result of regional significance.Save this picture!© Maxime DelvauxProject gallerySee allShow lessA’ Design Awards Announce World Design Rankings 2020ArticlesJuquehy Praia Hotel / Piratininga Arquitetos AssociadosSelected Projects Share ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/954345/avala-house-ten Clipboard Save this picture!© Maxime Delvaux+ 35Curated by Paula Pintos Share Photographs: Maxime Delvaux ArchDaily Houses Photographs “COPY” CopyAbout this officeTENOfficeFollowProductsSteelConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesBelgradeOn InstagramOn FacebookSerbiaPublished on January 04, 2021Cite: “Avala House / TEN” 04 Jan 2021. ArchDaily. Accessed 10 Jun 2021.
RSF calls on Governor of British Virgin Islands to reconsider provisions of cybercrime legislation that could chill journalism
Related documents rsf_letter_to_governor_jaspert_bvi_1.pdfPDF – 86.56 KB December 16, 2019 – Updated on March 18, 2020 RSF calls on Governor of British Virgin Islands to reconsider provisions of cybercrime legislation that could chill journalism Local and international media defense organizations express alarm over cybercrime law adopted today in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines The offenses outlined under Section 14A of the bill, which criminalizes “sending offensive messages through a computer,” are vaguely defined and sets up a wide dragnet that RSF fears could be used to catch any person posting on social media or sending an electronic message. Specifically, RSF is concerned this clause could be used to prosecute journalists in the course of their work, which could include contacting sources for comment or publishing information of public interest. Additionally, Section 14B of the Computer Misuse and Cybercrime Act would criminalize “electronic defamation” at a moment in history when many countries around the region have been moving in the opposite direction. The penalties for this offense are draconian and can foster self-censorship among journalists. Meanwhile, Section 14P, which allows for warrantless arrests for these offenses, could open up opportunities for police to indiscriminately arrest journalists as a consequence of their reporting. The Organization of Eastern Caribbean States, of which the British Virgin Islands is a member, plummeted 15 places to 50th out of 180 countries in RSF’s 2019 World Press Freedom Index. The OECS region is now considered a problematic place for journalists to work, due in part to state control over the revenues of media companies and police intimidation that causes journalists to self-censor. While the bill was recently passed by the British Virgin Islands’ Parliament, it currently awaits the Governor’s signature before it is made into law. Reporters Without Borders (RSF) sent a letter on December 3 calling on Governor Augustus Jaspert of the British Virgin Islands to reconsider several sections of the “Computer Misuse and Cybercrime Act 2019”, arguing that these provisions would have the effect of chilling journalism on the islands. OECS – General Manager of Grenada Broadcasting Network censors coverage of staff protest News September 27, 2018 Find out more News “If this legislation is not rewritten, RSF is concerned the Computer Misuse and Cybercrime Act could be interpreted by courts in ways that could lead to self-censorship and the baseless prosecution of journalists and bloggers for conducting their professional duties or expressing their views,” said Dokhi Fassihian, Executive Director of RSF’s North America Bureau. “Legislators in the British Virgin Islands should revise this legislation as a matter of priority given a region-wide decline in press freedom in recent years.” Help by sharing this information RSF_en While the bill predominantly creates sanctions targeting individuals who commit crimes online, including child pornography, child sex trafficking and child abuse, three provisions could be used to criminalize the actions of journalists and others in the general population who publish and disseminate digital information, as similar laws have been used to control the press in other countries around the world. RSF has called on Governor Jaspert to send the bill back to Parliament for the revision of Section 14A so it is in line with international free speech standards, and to repeal 14B and 14P from the legislation altogether. News to go further Follow the news on OECS Photojournalist killed in Barbados while on assignment June 24, 2020 Find out more OECSAmericas Protecting journalistsOnline freedomsMedia independence InternetFreedom of expression Reports Organisation Receive email alerts August 12, 2016 Find out more OECSAmericas Protecting journalistsOnline freedomsMedia independence InternetFreedom of expression
The information and communication ministry asked Internet Service Providers on 24 April to lift the censorship on 72 news websites operated by the government’s “Red Shirt” opponents. Aree Jiworarak, the head of the Information Technology Supervision Office, thanked them for their “cooperation.”The Freedom Against Censorship in Thailand (FACT) website has meanwhile been rendered inaccessible by three ISPs (ToT, Kasetsart University and Buddy Broadband) since 25 April. June 12, 2020 Find out more ThailandAsia – Pacific Organisation to go further ThailandAsia – Pacific Thai premier, UN rapporteurs asked to prevent journalists being returned to Myanmar News Red alert for green journalism – 10 environmental reporters killed in five years Covid-19 emergency laws spell disaster for press freedom Follow the news on Thailand RSF_en Receive email alerts See a list of websites that have been censored by the information ministry since 18 April. April 27, 2009 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Censorship lifted on some websites The information and communication ministry asked Internet Service Providers on 24 April to lift the censorship on 72 news websites operated by the government’s “Red Shirt” opponents. Aree Jiworarak, the head of the Information Technology Supervision Office, thanked them for their “cooperation.” May 12, 2021 Find out more News Help by sharing this information ———————— Reporters Without Borders deplores the censorship, closure and banning of many media linked to the opposition United Front for Democracy against Dictatorship (UDD) since the UDD’s violent “red-shirt” demonstrations in Bangkok on 13 April. The authorities have raided community radio stations in the north and east of the country under a state of emergency. And Internet Service Providers have been ordered to censor at least 67 websites linked to the UDD, which supports former Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra.“We firmly condemn the violence by UDD supporters but we also deplore the reprisals which the authorities have taken against media linked to this movement,” Reporters Without Borders said. “If calls for violence have been made in these media, they must be punished by the courts and not in an arbitrary fashion by the police.”The press freedom organisation added: “Such actions by the authorities cast doubt on the desire to ‘reconcile the different political parties’ professed by the government when it took office. We call for the lifting of the state of emergency, which just blocks access to news and information and encourages a climate of fear.”A spokesman for the ruling Democrat Party said the radio stations were closed for “inciting violence.” The UDD’s leaders meanwhile accused the main news media of lacking independence and of “demonising” their movement.Several TV crews were roughed up by “red-shirts” during the first few days of the UDD demonstrations. In one case, demonstrators forced the state-run NBT TV to suspend operations in the north-east by besieging its studios.A newly-created English-language website (http://redshirtreport.wordpress.com/) is using material from various Thai news outlets to denounce alleged cases of disinformation about the UDD demonstrations.In the weeks that followed the coup that ousted Thaksin Shinawatra in 2006, the authorities closed hundreds of community radio stations deemed to be pro-Thaksin. August 21, 2020 Find out more News News
Name (required) Mail (required) (not be published) Website Herbeauty10 Most Influential Women In HistoryHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty8 Easy Exotic Meals Anyone Can MakeHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty10 Celebrity Body Parts Insured For Ridiculous AmountsHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty10 Special Beauty Tips That Make Indian Women So BeautifulHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyHow To Lose Weight & Burn Fat While You SleepHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyAmazing Sparks Of On-Screen Chemistry From The 90-sHerbeautyHerbeauty More Cool Stuff EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS Subscribe Business: Retail News City, Chamber Collaborate to Encourage Patronizing Local Businesses During the Holidays Bus shelter ads, postcards and online campaign encourages residents, businesses and employees to shop in Pasadena during the holiday season From STAFF REPORTS Published on Wednesday, November 16, 2016 | 12:01 pm Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Donald CommunityPCC- COMMUNITYVirtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPasadena Public WorksPasadena Water and PowerPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes Community News The prosperity of Pasadena is dependent on the financial health of the local business community. One simple way everyone who lives, works or does business in Pasadena can aid in the continued recovery of the local economy is to spend money with Pasadena businesses.Grow Your Community, Shop Pasadena, an informational campaign collaboration between the City of Pasadena and the Pasadena Chamber of Commerce, encourages residents, workers and business owners in Pasadena to patronize local shops, restaurants and services that create local jobs and provide the financial bedrock for Pasadena.Sales tax dollars, business license fees, property taxes and other assessments paid by commercial interests return money to Pasadena to pay for essential services such as park maintenance, tree trimming, police and fire protection. These fees and taxes also support local public schools and Pasadena City College. Spending in Pasadena also preserves local jobs, maintains local businesses and even saves travel time and reduces fuel consumption.Grow Your Community, Shop Pasadena encourages everyone to think locally when buying during the holiday season and beyond. Local businesses contribute to the excellent quality of life in Pasadena and every dollar retained in Pasadena pays a dividend to the community.“We all take advantage of the high quality of services provided by the City of Pasadena to support the quality of life in our neighborhoods and the vitality of our commercial areas and business districts. Shopping with our local stores and eating in our local restaurants in something we can all do to help preserve and grow jobs in Pasadena for Pasadena residents.”To keep your favorite businesses open and continue to have high quality services provided by the City, there is a simple thing everyone can all do: support local businesses.Grow Your Community, Shop Pasadena features bus shelter ads that are on display throughout Pasadena from mid-November to mid-January. The City of Pasadena partners with the Chamber to promote shopping in Pasadena during the holidays. The ads were designed in partnership with The Agency, a student-run advertising cooperative at Art Center College of Design. Outfront Media/JC Deceaux generously provides bus shelter space for the poster campaign.The Pasadena Chamber of Commerce and Civic Association is a professional business organization. Since the earliest days of Pasadena, the Chamber has played a major role in the development of this internationally renowned city. Since 1888, when the organization was founded as the Board of Trade, the Chamber’s primary purpose has been the enhancement of both the business climate and the quality of life in Pasadena. The Pasadena Chamber of Commerce serves more than 1400 members. First Heatwave Expected Next Week Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. Community News Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday Make a comment Business News 13 recommended0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it Top of the News Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena
Power U/s 482 CrPC Can Be Exercised To Quash Criminal Proceedings Which Are Ex Facie Bad For Want Of Sanction: SC [Read Judgment]
Top StoriesPower U/s 482 CrPC Can Be Exercised To Quash Criminal Proceedings Which Are Ex Facie Bad For Want Of Sanction: SC [Read Judgment] LIVELAW NEWS NETWORK22 Jun 2020 2:03 AMShare This – xThe Supreme Court has observed that the power under Section 482 of Code of Criminal Procedure can be exercised to quash criminal proceedings which are ex facie bad for want of sanction, frivolous or in abuse of process of court. In this case, the complainant alleged police excesses while he was in custody, in the course of investigation in connection with a Crime. The order of…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Supreme Court has observed that the power under Section 482 of Code of Criminal Procedure can be exercised to quash criminal proceedings which are ex facie bad for want of sanction, frivolous or in abuse of process of court. In this case, the complainant alleged police excesses while he was in custody, in the course of investigation in connection with a Crime. The order of the Metropolitan Magistrate taking cognizance of a private complaint was challenged before the High Court (by filing a petition under Section 482 CrPC alleging that there was no sanction from the Government to prosecute the accused police officers. Refusing to quash the proceedings, the High Court remitted the complaint back to the Metropolitan Magistrate instead, with liberty to the accused to apply for discharge. This order of the High Court was impugned before the Apex Court. Perusing the records, the bench comprising of Justices R. Banumathi and Indira Banerjee observed that patently the complaint pertains to an act under colour of duty. Therefore, the Court observed that, sanction was a legal requirement which empowers the Court to take Cognizance and the High Court ought to have exercised its power to quash the complaint instead of remitting the appellant to an application under Section 245 of the Criminal Procedure Code to seek discharge. It observed: While this Court has, in D.T. Virupakshappa (supra) held that the High Court had erred in not setting aside an order of the Trial Court taking cognizance of a complaint, in exercise of the power under Section 482 of Criminal Procedure Code, in Matajog Dobey (supra) this Court held it is not always necessary that the need for sanction under Section 197 is to be considered as soon as the complaint is lodged and on the allegations contained therein. The complainant may not disclose that the act constituting the offence was done or purported to be done in the discharge of official duty and/or under colour of duty. However the facts subsequently coming 34 to light in course of the trial or upon police or judicial enquiry may establish the necessity for sanction. Thus, whether sanction is necessary or not may have to be determined at any stage of the proceedings… It is well settled that an application under Section 482 of the Criminal Procedure Code is maintainable to quash proceedings which are ex facie bad for want of sanction, frivolous or in abuse of process of court. If, on the face of the complaint, the act alleged appears to have a reasonable relationship with official duty, where the criminal proceeding is apparently prompted by mala fides and instituted with ulterior motive, power under Section 482 of the Criminal Procedure Code would have to be exercised to quash the proceedings, to prevent abuse of process of court. The bench also reiterated the following settled principles regarding sanction under Section 197 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, read with Section 170 of the Karnataka Police Act. Sanction of the Government, to prosecute a police officer, for any act related to the discharge of an official duty, is imperative to protect the police officer from facing harassive, retaliatory, revengeful and frivolous proceedings. The requirement of sanction from the government, to prosecute would give an upright police officer the confidence to discharge his official duties efficiently, without fear of vindictive retaliation by initiation of criminal action, from which he would be protected under Section 197 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, read with Section 170 of the Karnataka Police Act. At the same time, if the policeman has committed a wrong, which constitutes a criminal offence and renders him liable for prosecution, he can be prosecuted with sanction from the appropriate government.Every offence committed by a police officer does not attract Section 197 of the Code of Criminal Procedure read with Section 170 of the Karnataka Police Act. The protection given under Section 197 of the Criminal Procedure Code read with Section 170 of the Karnataka Police Act has its limitations. The protection is available 32 only when the alleged act done by the public servant is reasonably connected with the discharge of his official duty and official duty is not merely a cloak for the objectionable actAn offence committed entirely outside the scope of the duty of the police officer, would certainly not require sanction. To cite an example, a police man assaulting a domestic help or indulging in domestic violence would certainly not be entitled to protection. However if an act is connected to the discharge of official duty of investigation of a recorded criminal case, the act is certainly under colour of duty, no matter how illegal the act may be.If in doing an official duty a policeman has acted in excess of duty, but there is a reasonable connection between the act and the performance of the official duty, the fact that the act alleged is in excess of duty will not be ground enough to deprive the policeman of the protection of government sanction for initiation of criminal action against him.The language and tenor of Section 197 of the Code of Criminal Procedure and Section 170 of the Karnataka Police Act makes it absolutely clear that sanction is required not only for acts done in discharge of official duty, it is also required for an act purported to be done in discharge of official duty and/or act done under colour of or in excess of such duty or authority.To decide whether sanction is necessary, the test is whether the act is totally unconnected with official duty or whether there is a reasonable connection with the official duty. In the case of an act of a policeman or any other public servant unconnected with the official duty there can be no question of sanction. However, if the act alleged against a policeman is reasonably connected with discharge of his official duty, it does not matter if the policeman has exceeded the scope of his powers and/or acted beyond the four corners of law.If the act alleged in a complaint purported to be filed against the policeman is reasonably connected to discharge of some official duty, cognizance thereof cannot be taken unless requisite sanction of the appropriate government is obtained under Section 197 of the Code of Criminal Procedure and/or Section 170 of the Karnataka Police Act. Case no.: CRIMINAL APPEAL NO. 458 OF 2020 Case name: D. DEVARAJA vs. OWAIS SABEER HUSSAINCoram: Justices R. Banumathi and Indira BanerjeeCounsel for Appellant: Sr. Advocate Saajan Poovayya Click here To Download JudgmentRead JudgmentNext Story
Toyo Styrene has licensed Agilyx Technology in Japan. (Credit: LEEROY Agency from Pixabay) Agilyx, a leader in chemical recycling of post-use plastics back into polymers, chemicals, and low carbon fuels, announces the licensing of its technology to Toyo Styrene, an affiliate of Denka Company Limited. The site technology license agreement enables Toyo Styrene to deploy the Agilyx technology near Toyo Styrene’s facility in the Chiba Prefecture of Japan. The facility will focus on recycling post-use polystyrene back to styrene monomer.“This announcement marks our formal entrance into the Asian markets to deliver circular pathways for plastics.” stated Joe Vaillancourt, CEO of Agilyx. “We are excited to be working with a group that shares our mission of reducing the impact on the global environment by increasing recycled content in new products while reducing the dependency on virgin material. Toyo Styrene has been a leader in developing eco-friendly products for the efficient use of plastics.”“I am pleased with announcing the License Agreement with Agilyx which has the unique pyrolysis technology for used polystyrene into styrene monomer,” stated Sanshiro Matsushita, President of Toyo Styrene. “This is the very beginning for true circular economy society in Japan. We will enhance the chemical recycling for PS by making use of the characteristics that PS is relatively easier to be depolymerized to SM than other plastics. We will achieve that recycled “refreshed” PS is able to use for PS food containers with no problem with both quality and safety.”Agilyx and Toyo Styrene will commence engineering and development of the facility immediately. The state-of-the-art depolymerization plant will have a processing capacity of up to 10 tons per day of post-use polystyrene. Toyo Styrene will purify the styrene monomer oil produced from the technology into a high purified styrene monomer using their proprietary purification technology. The manufacture of styrene through depolymerization of post-use polystyrene has a lower carbon footprint as compared to virgin styrene monomer. The facility is expected to commence operations in early in 2022. Source: Company Press Release Agilyx expands its markets to deliver circular solution for post-consumer polystyrene in Japan