The Indian Action Committee (IAC) wishes all Guyanese a happy and prosperous New Year.The IAC, in its vision for a happy and prosperous 2018, wishes to have a safer and secure society; to observe improved relations between the Government and the Opposition; that a special public programme be established for the benefit of the thousands of dislocated sugar workers who are currently facing severe economic hardship and a bleak future; to see the retraining of, and issuing of, former sugar lands to retrenched sugar workers; to witness the allocation of commercial spaces for small vendors; to see the urgent repair of the crumbling Linden-Soesdyke Highway; to have more overseas markets for Guyana’s rice production; to view drastic reductions in incidents of spousal abuse, substance abuse, and suicide; to observe increased gold production to offset decline in gold prices in 2018; that the development of the petroleum industry in Guyana be characterized by a wide national participation in all of its sectors, especially management; to notice improved educational standards to counter declining results, especially in Mathematics and English; to have increased youth employment both on the coast and in the hinterland; and to see improved living conditions for the less fortunate elderly citizens.The IAC wishes to inform all Guyanese — especially those of Indo-Guyanese origin — that the organization will continue to pursue vigorously its three foci: cultural, educational and social work.A high point will be the observance of the 180th year since the first batch of Indian indentured immigrants was brought to these shores.The IAC encourages all citizens and leaders to make 2018 a peaceful and progressive year, in which the economy experiences growth and development, which is necessary for social cohesion and national unity.
An alleged wife abuser made his appearance before Magistrate Leron Daly on Friday at the Georgetown Magistrates’ Courts after he was slapped with assault charges.Cecil Glasgow is accused of assaulting his common-law wife, Lona Khan. The allegations against Glasgow stated that on September 26, 2018, at Stevedore Housing Scheme, South Ruimveldt, Georgetown, he used threatening language towards Khan, who is his common-law wife of 11 years. Another charge stated that on the said date and location, he assaulted Khan with intent to cause actual bodily harm. The third charge stated that on the same day, he used abusive language towards Khan.An unrepresented Glasgow denied the allegations after the charges were read to him.The prosecution’s case stated that on September 26, the Virtual Complainant (VC) was heading to an eating place at Stabroek Square where she met her daughter. She then saw her reputed husband. He immediately started to use a series of profane language towards her when he saw his step-daughter approaching. On arrival at home, the defendant started to use profane language towards the VC again and snatched her handbag away then threatened to burn it. According to the prosecution’s case, he continued by arming himself with a cutlass and placing it on the VC’s neck. The matter was reported to the Police and Glasgow was later arrested and charged.The Virtual Complainant informed the court that her husband abuses her when he is under the influence of alcohol but added that he is the sole provider for the family. In an effort to have the charges dropped, the woman told Magistrate Daly that their eight-year-old child will suffer if Glasgow goes to jail. She pleaded with the Magistrate to have them sent to counselling rather than sending Glasgow to jail.However, after listening to her pleas, Magistrate Daly in response told the VC she was trying to protect her and the child from being the next victims of murder, since abusive relationships in most cases end with the murders of the abused partners.As a result, Magistrate Daly disregarded the VC’s pleas and remanded Glasgow to prison. The matter will continue on October 10.
Two passengers of a minibus were on Saturday nabbed with a quantity of ganja in their possession during a Police road block at Weldaad Police Station, West Coast Berbice.Based on reports received, the Police acted on information received and intercepted the minibus.The two passengers were searched, and three taped parcels of processed cannabis with a total weight of 1986 grams were found. The two passengers were arrested and are being processed for court.Several persons using public transportation had in the past been arrested at this very road block after large quantities of ganja had been unearthed in their possession.
“We will be proceeding in the federal court asking for money damages and asking that all the rights licensed to Disney by our clients be terminated,” Slesinger attorney Barry Slotnick said Monday. Slesinger has claimed Disney owes it billion of dollars in royalties from the sale of Pooh videos, DVDs, computer software and other electronic products not specifically covered under deals with Disney, but promised verbally to Slesinger by Disney representatives. The heirs of Stephen Slesinger filed a state lawsuit in 1991. That case was dismissed by a Superior Court judge in 2004 and is on appeal. The dispute moved to U.S. District Court after the heirs of Pooh’s creators attempted to wrest the copyright back from the Slesingers and assign it permanently to Disney. Earlier this year, Judge Florence-Marie Cooper ruled that the heirs of author A.A. Milne, and illustrator E.H. Shepard could not revoke the copyrights from the Slesingers. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! The two sides in the long-running royalty dispute over the Winnie the Pooh characters have ended settlement talks, ensuring that complicated federal copyright litigation will continue. The Walt Disney Co., which generates about $1 billion in annual revenue from the sale of Pooh products, informed a federal magistrate last month that it would not participate in settlement talks with the family that owns the licensing rights to the characters. “We suggested to the magistrate that having a settlement conference at this time would not be meaningful,” said attorney Daniel Petrocelli, who is representing Disney in the dispute. “There’s really nothing to settle.” Attorneys representing Stephen Slesinger Inc., the company that owns the rights to Pooh, said they would pursue federal action against Disney, including asking for $2 billion in damages.
RaphoeRAPHOE NOTES: Raphoe Family Resource Centre:Annual General Meeting The Annual General Meeting of Raphoe Family Resource Centre took place on Wednesday 18th November 2015 in The Volt House. The following were elected to the Voluntary Board of Management:Melissa Laird (Chairperson), Patricia Tinney (Secretary), Aidan Kelly (Vice-Chairperson), Diane Gibson & Jacqueline Gallagher (Joint Treasurers), Michael Devenney, Lorraine Gallagher, Betty Mc Clintock, and Charlie O’Kane.Chairperson Melissa Laird extended sincere thanks to all those organisations and agencies that supported the work of the Family Resource Centre in 2015-Tusla-Child and Family Agency, Donegal ETB’s School Completion and Learning for Living Programmes, HSE West Primary and Continuing Care, Lagan Community Health Forum, North West Regional Forum of Family Resource Centres, Raphoe Tidy Towns Ltd Committee and Staff, Donegal Youth Service, Donegal Local Development Company Ltd, Springboard Family Support Project, LEAF Project, Raphoe Central N.S., St Eunan’s N.S., Deele College, Royal and Prior Comprehensive School, St. Eunan’s Terrace Resident’s Association, Raphoe Parent &Toddler Group, Lifford Athletic Club, Donegal Citizen’s Information Service, Donegal Mind Wellness, Respond! Housing Association, Dementia Aware Donegal, Raphoe St. Vincent de Paul, Lifford Credit Union and the Community Foundation for Ireland.We would also like to thank Cllr. Gerry Crawford for his kind contribution from Donegal Co. Council Members Development Fund Allocation.The Family Resource Centre is now working towards developing its Annual Action Plan 2016.We would like to extend our sincere sympathy and condolences to our esteemed Secretary Patricia Tinney and former Committee Member Elizabeth Conaghan on the recent sad passing of their sister Mary and to Mary’s husband Conor, a good friend of the Family Resource Centre over many years and to the extended Porter and Conaghan families.Farewell to OliveAt the Family Resource Centre’s recent Annual General Meeting our Outgoing Secretary, Olive Strain announced that she would be stepping down from the Management Committee. Olive is or was the longest serving member of the Committee and her association with the Family Resource Centre goes back to the days of Raphoe Youth & Community Project when the Project was housed in Moffatt’s. During her long spell with us Olive served as Chairperson, as Secretary, as Treasurer and as Committee Member. Her contribution to the Project over that time in a voluntary capacity has been immense. She witnessed the coming and going of many Committee Members and Staff-from the days of a Project Coordinator and Youth Worker to what the Project is today-a Project Coordinator, a Community Development Worker, 2 Part-time Administrators, 4 Part-time Youth Workers, 2 General Workers, a Caretaker, 2 Sessional Counsellors, 2 Sessional Tutors as well as a number of Volunteers.As a member of the Management Committee she presided over the move from Moffatt’s to the Volt House in 2001; the relocation from the Volt House at the end of 2006 to William Street; and of course in the latter part of 2015 the move back to the Volt House.Olive was a great supporter of the Family Resource Centre Staff and always found time to drop in for a chat (and cup of tea!) to make sure we were all okay and happy in our work. This, despite the fact that Olive had many family commitments with her own children when they were much younger and now with her grandchildren.Olive will be sorely missed but we are confident that she won’t be too far away and never too busy to drop in for a chat!Farewell to Shane (well kind of!)On Friday 27th November Shane Curran, our Youth Development Worker completed 9 months with us on the Job Bridge Programme, and we thank him sincerely for his commitment to his role during that time.Although his term has come to an end Shane will remain with us for up to 15 hours each week through placement from the University of Ulster (Magee Campus) where he is undertaking the BSc Hons. Community Youth Work Course. We wish him well in his studies.Shane established the Young Boys and Young Girls Groups with a regular attendance of around 40 young people and developed the Youth Café to a maximum number of 38 young people.Shane will continue supporting the Young Boy’s Group, the Young Girl’s Group and the Youth Café and we look forward to continuing to work with him over the next few months.Little Smiles with Big DreamsLittle Smiles with Big Dreams is a parent and toddler group that meets every Wednesday morning at 10:30am – 12 noon in the Family Resource Centre. Anyone who is in care of a child whether an aunt / uncle/ child-minder or grandparent is welcome. The kiddies can get involved in messy play, free play, story time and music time where the adult can enjoy a cuppa tea and meet other adults. Parent and Toddler Groups are a great way to enhance your little one’s confidence and meet others of their age. Raphoe Walking GroupThe Walking Group meets every Thursday morning at 10.30am. All abilities are catered for. And an important element of the group is coming in afterwards to have a chat and a cuppa! New members are always welcome so please feel free to join us on Thursday mornings!BTEI Care in the CommunityDonegal Education and Training Board will be delivering Care in the Community QQI (FETAC) Level 5 in Raphoe in the New Year. Elements include Care Skills, Occupational First Aid, Patient Handling and Manual Handling. The module will be run through the Back to Education Initiative (BTEI) that provides part-time further education programmes for young people and adults. The aim is to give people an opportunity to combine a return to learning with family, work and other responsibilities.Anyone who has left full-time education can take part. However, priority will be given to those with less than upper second level education. Certification is offered to all participants.Objectives of the module include: to assist the participants to recognise the different types of clients needing care, different types of care needs and the differing care needs of clients; to enable participants to develop the necessary knowledge to respond effectively to clients’ individual needs with their involvement and their use of choice; to assist participants to acquire practical skills in the area of client personal care; to enable participants to develop the knowledge and skills required for the maintenance of a safe, healthy and hygienic environment for clients.For further information please contact Siobhan Coughlan, BTEI Learner Support Worker on 074-9725520 or email email@example.comRaphoe Bridge ClubRaphoe Bridge Club Thursday 10th December 2015 No 12 Directed by Mervyn Carlisle. Scored by Maeve Costello. Players. P & J O Sullivan, D Walsh & A Stewart, Maeve Costello & Declan Gallagher, Wm & G Fulton, J Clear & MJ O Sullivan, Mary Brogan & L Coyne, N Murphy & MP O Flanagan, M Carlisle & J Patterson, E Kee & P Carr, M Nairn & Paul Maguire.“Raphoe Shop Local 2015”“Raphoe Shop Local 2015” A special thank you to all our local businesses & business people here in Raphoe who have provided services and goods to our community over many years. Over these years the local businesses have never let us down when it came to donations or sponsorship for our various community groups and fundraising activities. This year in particular please remember all our local businesses and give them our support. We are fortunate in Raphoe to still have excellent goods on sale and local services in the various outlets and plenty of bargains especially on the run up to Christmas. So please don’t forget our own town and our own people this year.Christmas Wishes from Raphoe Tidy Towns Volt House Raphoe The Tidy Towns Community Employment staff will be on Holidays from Thursday 24th December Christmas Eve until Tuesday 5th January 2016. There will be a town litter cleaning service over the holiday period. A sincere thank you to all the various residential areas, Schools, Churches, RCIA Ltd Volt House, the County Council, local County Council workers, all local people, community groups and businesses who have supported our work for the town during the year. Everyone in Raphoe Tidy Towns Ltd, extend a very Happy Christmas and New Year to everyone in Raphoe and district and especially all those from the town and surrounding areas who are abroad this year. As always you will be remembered in a very special way this Christmas and New Year here in Raphoe. We also welcome those who are home for Christmas this year with their families and send best wishes to anyone who is sick or in hospital at this time. The following Christmas poem is dedicated to all Raphoe people wherever you may be this Christmas.A Raphoe Christmas Eve.The leaves they are all gone nowThe air is cold and stillThe burn runs through the valleyFrom Braehead wood and past the millThe townlands and streets are quietThe moon shines down belowThe stars are shining brightlyIn the hearths the fires glow. The animals are restingIn the stables and the barnsJust like this night so long agoThe night that Christ was bornThe children are all dreamingOf reindeer flying through the snowWith Santa, toys and presentsOn his visit to RaphoeO Silent night, O Starry nightOf Miracles from Heaven abovePlease send your new born Son to usWith His gifts of peace and loveThe Town Clock in the DiamondKeeps time for all to knowAs the people wait on ChristmasIn our City of Raphoe.By: Martin Laird Raphoe Local History Volt House.St Vincent de Paul RaphoeA sincere thank you to everyone who has supported our work, helped, or made donations of any kind. Wishing you all a very Happy Christmas & New Year.Christmas Message from Santa Claus to all in RaphoeSanta Claus has sent a special message to all children of Raphoe and district to be extra good and be in bed early this Christmas Eve. Santa expects to visit Ireland & Donegal sometime after midnight this year again on his way from Canada and America so be sure to be fast asleep and don’t forget something for him to eat and a treat for the reindeers also. Leaving Donegal and the rest of Ireland Santa hopes then to fly to the Isle Of Man, then on to England, Scotland and Wales before making his way all around the world visiting all good children on his special Christmas Eve journey. Santa and his team wish all Raphoe people at home and all around the world a very Happy Christmas 2015 and a prosperous New Year 2016.Santa LettersCalling all boys and girls. Have you been good this year? There is now a special Letter Box in the Volt House for all your special letters for Santa. If you would like a reply please enclose a stamped address envelope. Latest date for posting will be Friday 18th Dec’2015.Christmas Gift AppealThe Christmas Gift Appeal is now open. Please help this year if possible. Further information is available from Martin on 0879473527. Gifts or donations may be left in Volt House. Your kindness will make a difference to a family, child or children this year for the better. Thank you to everyone for your kindness in past years.Slimming World RaphoeRaphoe Slimming World has moved to a new venue. We will now meet every Tuesday night in the Cathedral Hall, Raphoe at 7.30pm. Now is your chance for a fresh start. How would you like to be a half stone or a stone lighter by Christmas? Come along and join our warm friendly group. For further information contact Geraldine on 086-3348048.Please note that items for the Raphoe Notes should be placed in the box provided in the Post Office on or before 12 noon on Fridays. Items can also be emailed to firstname.lastname@example.org or handed in to the Family Resource Centre, The Volt House. Items should be submitted at least one week in advance of publication of local press.DD LOCAL: RAPHOE LAUNCHES ITS CHRISTMAS GIFT APPEAL was last modified: December 11th, 2015 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:donegalRaphoe
PATRICK GIBBONS, LIFFORD, RIPThe death has taken place at the Donegal Hospice of Patrick Gibbons, Tir Oneill, Lifford. Remains will repose at his home from 7pm today. Funeral from there on Monday at 10.20am for Requiem Mass in St Patrick’s Church, Murlog, Lifford at 11am. Interment afterwards in the adjoining cemetery. Donations in lieu of flowers please to the Donegal Hospice – c/o Quigley Funeral Director, 1A Newtown Place, Strabane or any family member.JAMES McBRIDE, DERRYBEG, RIP The death has taken place of James McBride of Middletown, Derrybeg. Remains are reposing at his home. Funeral on Monday in St Mary’s Church, Derrybeg at 11am. No flowers please, donations in lieu to the Irish Heart Foundation – c/o any family member. House is private after the Rosary until 10am and on the morning of the funeral.DAN McLAUGHLIN, LINSFORT, RIPThe death has taken place of Dan McLaughlin, Calhame, Linsfort. Remains are reposing at his home. Funeral from there on Monday morning at 10.30am going to the Star of the Sea Church, Desertegney for 11am Requiem Mass. Burial afterwards in the adjoining Cemetery. Family time from 11pm to 10am.JOSIE KENNEDY, PORTNOO, RIP The death has taken place at Killybegs Community Hospital of Josie Kennedy, Kilclooney, Portnoo.His remains are reposing at his late home. Removal from there tomorrow (Sunday) at 10.3oam for 11am Mass in St Conal’s Church, Kilclooney, followed by burial in the adjoining cemetery. Family flowers only please, donations in lieu if desired to Killybegs Hospital, c/o Seamus Shovlin and Sons, Funeral Directors. House private please from 10pm, and on the morning of the funeral.MAJORIE MCELHINNEYThe death has taken place at her late residence of Majorie McElhinney, late of Ballinaboe, Gleneely. Remains reposing at her late residence. Funeral from there tomorrow (Sunday) at 10.15am for 11am Requiem Mass in St Marys Church, Bocan, Culdaff, followed by interment in the adjoining cemetery. Family time please from 11pm to 10am. DONEGAL DEATH NOTICES FOR SATURDAY, MARCH 17, 2012 was last modified: March 17th, 2012 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:2012DONEGAL DEATH NOTICES FOR SATURDAYMARCH 17
A community alert has been raised this afternoon in East Donegal over two suspicious vehicles.Locals are asked to stay vigilant of two cars in the Ballindrait area outside Lifford.The cars were identified as a black Volkswagen Passat (06DL Registration) with three men on board and a Silver Peugeot (10LM Registration). Anyone with any information is asked to contact Letterkenny Garda Station on 0749167100.Alert raised over suspicious vehicles in East Donegal was last modified: March 6th, 2019 by Rachel McLaughlinShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
SAN FRANCISCO — It’s not a matter of if Bruce Bochy will be inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame. It’s a matter of when.As Bochy wraps up his 25th consecutive season as a major league manager, the San Francisco Giants are preparing an emotional celebration and a tribute to his historic tenure. The only ceremony that will top Bochy’s de-facto retirement party on Sunday at Oracle Park is the gathering that will … Click here if you’re unable to view the photo gallery on your mobile device.
The only evidence of alien intelligence is inside the imaginations of evolutionary scientists and their reporters.Alien evolution: PhysOrg fantasizes about what aliens look like. Whatever they have, it must have evolved. “An alien might have four limbs, just like we humans,” the article says. “Or it might sport 17 tentacles, depending on evolutionary pressures.” And that’s just the bodies. What might their minds be like? Imagine: “We can observe, quantify and describe such things” as their physical forms. “But how can we truly gauge the workings of an alien mind?” Denise Herzig was chief imagineer in the article. Dreaming on, she said, “I think someday we may be able to just see ourselves as one of many species who has evolved a few specialties, like vocal language and manipulation of things, instead of looking at ourselves as the only species that are smart, because we think having language is smart.” The aliens might be so smart, they don’t even need to talk.Superhabitable planets: Another article on PhysOrg suggests that we have too parochial a concept of where life might be found. Just because Earth has life doesn’t mean it can’t exist on large, old planets with fewer mountains. “Astrophysicist René Heller of McMaster’s Origins Institute says our planet may not be the most ideal place for life and scientists need to consider non-Earth-like, so-called ‘superhabitable’ planets.” There is evidence for this idea. Superman.Calling Starship Enterprise: An image of Star Trek’s spaceship accompanies another article on PhysOrg asking, “How would earth send messages to a starship—or a distant civilization?” Maybe you say, “Beam me up, Scotty.” A UC Berkeley imagineer is thinking of the physical problems involved in long-distance communication, like information loss. “Besides all that [the physical constraints], at first you wouldn’t know how the other civilization designs its systems and you could therefore send a message that wouldn’t be picked up.”It must be fun to spend scientific research time on problems nobody has ever had.Evolutionary theory spawns the most colorful characters. Like adult children, they have imaginary friends all over the universe. We suggest diagnosing a new malady for the next edition of the DSM (5/10/13): Comic Book Projection Syndrome. Symptoms: a dreamy look into the sky by those claiming to love science, a tendency to project space comics into their world view, and a high perhapsimaybecouldness index in their speech. Readers might wish to opine on treatment options for the afflicted.The evolutionists don’t seem to realize how funny this all looks when they consider intelligent design unscientific, but believe the aliens design their systems; when they believe angels are pseudoscientific, but want to communicate with beings no one has ever seen that might be incorporeal. We don’t want to give the devil an idea, but he and his minions could take over the scientific world by impersonating aliens, saying, “We’re from the planet Xorx and we are here to help you with your next stage of evolution.” (Visited 24 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
The famous Kalahari Bushmen of southern Africa have long been in decline. For more than a century, the people, who speak Khoisan languages, have been pushed off their land by farmers and brutalized by colonialists.Yet for tens of thousands of years, the Khoisan’s ancestors were members of “the largest population” on the planet, according to a new study.The Khoisan have long stood apart from other groups within Africa. They look distinct, speak in “click” languages, and have also maintained the greatest genetic diversity known among human populations. Usually, big populations harbor the most diversity. But census counts show that the 100,000 Khoisan speakers in Africa today are far outnumbered by other groups, such as the 45 million Bantu speakers and their 180 million descendants who now speak Swahili and other languages. Researchers have thought that the Khoisan inherited their genetic diversity from a large ancestral population, an idea supported by a single Khoisan genome published in 2012. But scientists couldn’t rule out that the variation in Khoisan DNA arose from more recent interbreeding with other diverse Africans.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)In the new study, published online today in Nature Communications, biochemist Stephan Schuster of Nanyang Technological University in Singapore and colleagues sequenced the complete genomes of five Khoisan hunter-gatherers from Namibia and compared them with the DNA from 1462 genomes of people from around the world. Schuster’s team found that two of the Khoisan, members of the Ju/’hoansi population in Namibia, inherited their DNA only from Khoisan ancestors in the northern Kalahari region and showed no sign of interbreeding with non-Khoisan speakers. These two Ju/’hoansi genomes preserve ancient diversity inherited entirely from their direct ancestors, the authors say.Using several different methods of analysis, the team reconstructed population sizes for the ancestors of the Khoisan, as well as for Europeans, Asians, and another African group, the Yoruba. They found that all four groups declined in effective population size (the number of breeding adults) between 120,000 and 30,000 years ago. The non-Khoisan groups’ numbers plunged precipitously—by 30,000 years ago, European and Asian populations had plummeted by 90% from their peak, thanks to population bottlenecks caused by the migration of small groups out of Africa. But the Khoisan population declined by only 26%. (Yoruba populations dropped by 69%).The researchers uncovered declines in population in all four groups, likely tied into periods of dry climate in Africa. But the Khoisan suffered the least, perhaps because their huge ancestral population was buffered from droughts that winnowed other groups, such as the Yoruba and the African ancestors of Europeans and Asians, because the Khoisan lived farther south in Africa where rainfall actually increased. The Khoisan then began a more drastic decline in the past 20,000 years or so, with a major blow when the Bantu farmers spread through Africa 4000 years ago. “This shows us how much climate can influence populations,” says genomicist Webb Miller of Pennsylvania State University, University Park, a co-author.Other researchers agree that it’s likely that the Khoisan descend from a large population. But because sampling of African genomes is still so spotty, not everyone is yet convinced that the Khoisan “was the largest population on Earth at some point,” says evolutionary geneticist Pontus Skoglund of Harvard University. “Many African populations are not included for comparison,” he says, so it is possible that some of the diversity seen in the Khoisan was inherited from recent interbreeding that cannot yet be detected.Either way, the study makes it clear that even though the Khoisan are genetically diverse by today’s standards, even they carry just a fraction of our ancestors’ genetic legacy over the past 120,000 years. “It is quite staggering how much extraordinary genetic variation and ethnic diversity was present but is now lost,” Skoglund says. The Khoisan, retaining more than the rest of us, offer a rare window to look back in time at some of that diversity.